Application Type Bond Material Form Tape Substrate Ceramic, Epoxy, Foam, PBT, Glass, Metal, ABS, Polycarbonate, Rigid PVC, Enameled Steel, Galvanized Steel, Stainless Steel, Aluminum, Polyester, Galvanized Steel, Plastic, Steel Industry Replace Rivets, Interior bonding applications, Exterior bonding applications Manufacturer 3M Chemistry Acrylic Foam Cure Method Pressure sensitive Cure Time (min) 20, 1,440, 4,320 Color White Chemical Resistance Fuel Resisitant Relative Solvent Resistance Chemical Resistance: Excellent solvent resistance High Temperature Resistance (°C) 149, 204, <120 Low Temperature Resistance (°C) >-35 Other Resistance Resistance to plasticizer migration Durability Durability Density (g/cm³) 0.800 Key Specifications UL 746C
Technical Data for 3M VHB Tape 4959
- Adhesive - Bond
- Acrylic - Acrylic Foam
- Dispenser - Application equipment
- Flow - Flow equipment
- Pressure Sensitive (min) - Pressure sensitive
- UL (Underwriters Laboratory), ULC (Underwriters Laboratories of Canada), NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) - UL 746C
Application Temperature (°F) 50, 70 to 100 Cure Time (min) 20, 1,440, 4,320 Test Method
Peel Strength (piw) High, 20 (lb/in) Test Method Shear Strength (psi) High, 1,500, 1,000, 750, 750, 750, 55 (lb/in 2 kPa) Test Method Tensile Strength (psi) High, 75 (lb/in 2 kPa) Test Method
Total Thickness (mil) 5 0. Double Sided Double Sided
Chemical Resistance Fuel Resisitant Relative Solvent Resistance Chemical Resistance: Excellent solvent resistance High Temperature Resistance (°C) 149, 204, <120 Test Method Low Temperature Resistance (°C) >-35 Moisture/Humidity Resistance Excellent moisture resistance Other Resistance Resistance to plasticizer migration
Durability Durability Elasticity Viscoelastic Flexibility Firm Modulus (psi) 6e5 (Pa) Test Method
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (CTE) 1e-4 (in./ in/°F), 1.8e-4 (mm/mm /°C), 180e-6 (m/m/°C) Test Method Density (g/cm³) 0.800
Shelf Life Details All 3M™ VHB™ Tapes have a shelf life of 24 months from date of manufacture when stored at 40°F to 100°F (4°C to 38°C) and 0-95% relative humidity. The optimum storage conditions are 72°F (22°C) and 50% relative humidity. Performance of tapes is not projected to change even after shelf life expires; however, 3M does suggest that 3M™ VHB™ Tapes are used prior to the shelf life date whenever possible. Shelf Life Temperature (°F) 40 to 100 Shelf Life Type From date of manufacture Shelf Life (mon) 24
Best Practices for 3M VHB Tape 4959
Most substrates are best prepared by cleaning with a 50:50 mixture of isopropyl alcohol (IPA*) and water prior to applying 3M™ VHB™ Tapes.
See Vendor Technical Data Sheet for more info.
To obtain good performance with all 3M™ VHB™ Tapes, it is important to ensure that the surfaces are dry and free of condensed moisture.
Bond strength is dependent upon the amount of adhesive-to-surface contact developed. Firm application pressure develops better adhesive contact and helps improve bond strength. Typically, good surface contact can be attained by applying enough pressure to insure that the tape experiences approximately 15 psi (100 kPa) pressure. Either roller or platen pressure can be used. Note that rigid surfaces may require 2 or 3 times that much pressure to make the tape experience 15 psi.
Ideal application temperature range is 70°F to 100°F (21°C to 38°C). Pressure sensitive adhesives use viscous flow to achieve substrate contact area. Minimum suggested application temperatures:50°F (10°C): 3M™ VHB™ Tapes 4950, 5952, 4910, 4952, 4611, 4622 families.
Note: Initial tape application to surfaces at temperatures below these suggested minimums is not recommended because the adhesive becomes too firm to adhere readily. However, once properly applied, low temperature holding is generally satisfactory.
After application, the bond strength will increase as the adhesive flows onto the surface (also referred to as “wet out”). At room temperature approximately 50% of ultimate bond strength will be achieved after 20 minutes, 90% after 24 hours and 100% after 72 hours. This flow is faster at higher temperatures and slower at lower temperatures. Ultimate bond strength can be achieved more quickly (and in some cases bond strength can be increased) by exposure of the bond to elevated temperatures (e.g. 150°F [66°C] for 1 hour). This can provide better adhesive wetout onto the substrates. Abrasion of the surfaces or the use of primers/ adhesion promoters can also have the effect of increasing bond strength and achieving ultimate bond strength more quickly.
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Cure Time Test Methods
|Cure Time||Test Method|
|20 min||50% of ultimate bond strength will be achieved|
|1,440 min||90% of ultimate bond strength will be achieved|
|4,320 min||100% of ultimate bond strength will be achieved|
Shear Strength Test Methods
|Shear Strength||Type||Cure Time||Substrate||Test Time||Test Temperature||Test Method|
|1,500 psi||Static Shear Strength||72 hour dwell.||Stainless Steel||604,800 sec||22°C||Static Shear - ASTM D3654 - To stainless steel, tested at various temperatures and gram loadings. 0.5 in2 (3.23 cm2). Will hold listed weight for 10,000 minutes (approximately 7 days). Conversion: 1500 g/0.5 in2 equals 6.6 lb/in2; 500 g/0.5 in2 = 2.2 lb/in2.|
|1,000 psi||Static Shear Strength||Stainless Steel||604,800 sec||66°C||Static Shear - ASTM D3654 - To stainless steel, tested at various temperatures and gram loadings. 0.5 in2 (3.23 cm2). Will hold listed weight for 10,000 minutes (approximately 7 days). Conversion: 1500 g/0.5 in2 equals 6.6 lb/in2; 500 g/0.5 in2 = 2.2 lb/in2.|
|750 psi||Static Shear Strength||Stainless Steel||604,800 sec||93°C||Static Shear - ASTM D3654 - To stainless steel, tested at various temperatures and gram loadings. 0.5 in2 (3.23 cm2). Will hold listed weight for 10,000 minutes (approximately 7 days). Conversion: 1500 g/0.5 in2 equals 6.6 lb/in2; 500 g/0.5 in2 = 2.2 lb/in2.|
|750 psi||Static Shear Strength||Stainless Steel||604,800 sec||121°C|
|750 psi||Static Shear Strength||Stainless Steel||604,800 sec||177°C|
|55 (lb/in 2 kPa)||Dynamic Overlap Shear Strength|
Tensile Strength Test Methods
|Tensile Strength||Cure Time||Substrate||Test Temperature||Test Method|
|75 (lb/in 2 kPa)||72 hour dwell||Aluminum||25°C||ASTM D-897 - To aluminum, room temperature, 1 in2 (6.45 cm2), jaw speed 2 in/min (50 mm/min.) Peak force to separate is measured. 72 hour dwell.|
Peel Strength Test Methods
|Peel Strength||Type||Cure Time||Substrate||Test Temperature||Test Method|
|20 (lb/in)||90° Peel Adhesion||72 hour dwell.||Stainless Steel||25°C||90° Peel Adhesion - Based on ASTM D3330 -To stainless steel, room temperature, jaw speed 12 in/min (304.8 mm/min). Average force to remove is measured. 72 hour dwell.|
High Temperature Resistance Test Methods
|High Temperature Resistance||Test Method|
|149°C||Long Term Temperature Tolerance - Maximum temperature where tape supports at least 250 g load per 0.5 in2 in static shear for 10,000 minutes. (Represents continuous exposure for days or weeks).|
|204°C||Short Term Temperature Tolerance - No change in room temperature dynamic shear properties following 4 hours conditioning at indicated temperature with 100 g/static load. (Represents minutes, hours in a process type temperature exposure).|
Modulus Test Methods
|6e5 (Pa)||25°C||Shear modulus, 1 Hz|
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (CTE) Test Methods
|Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (CTE)||CTE Test Method|
|1e-4 (in./ in/°F)||Thermal Coefficient of Expansion|
|1.8e-4 (mm/mm /°C)||Thermal Coefficient of Expansion|
|180e-6 (m/m/°C)||Thermal Coefficient of Expansion|