Brand Dowsil Application Type Sealant, Encapsulant, Pottant 1 Part or 2 Part 2 Part Material Form Gel (Post-cure), Liquid (Pre-cure) Industry Circuits, LEDs, E-Mobility Solutions, Smart Meters, Insulation, Smart Home Devices, Electronics, Optoelectronics Manufacturer Dow Chemistry Silicone, Solvent-free Cure Method Part A/Part B Cure Temperature (°C) 20 to 25 Room Temperature, 25, 50, 75, 100 Cure Time (min) Fast, 90, 10, 5.00, 3.00 Viscosity (cPs) Low Fluorescent UV indicator allows for automated inspection Color Translucent green, Translucent green High Temperature Resistance (°C) 200 Low Temperature Resistance (°C) -45, -55 Durability Tough Light Refractive Index (RI) High Key Specifications UL (Underwriters Laboratory), ULC (Underwriters Laboratories of Canada), NFPA (National Fire Protection Association): UL 94: UL 94 V-1
Technical Data for Dow Dowsil 3-4207 Dielectric Tough Gel
1 Part or 2 Part
- 1 Part or 2 Part - 2 Part
- Liquid - Liquid (Pre-cure)
- Gel - Gel (Post-cure)
- LED (Light-Emitting Diodes) - LEDs
- E-Mobility Solutions
- Electronics - Circuits, Optoelectronics
- Smart Meters
- Smart Home Devices
- Dispenser - Automated dispensing equipment
- 2-Part Cure - Part A/Part B
- Translucent - Translucent green
- Green - Translucent green
- UL (Underwriters Laboratory), ULC (Underwriters Laboratories of Canada), NFPA (National Fire Protection Association): UL 94: V-1 - UL 94 V-1
Cure Temperature (°C) 20 to 25 Room Temperature, 25, 50, 75, 100 Test Method Cure Time (min) Fast, 90, 10, 5.00, 3.00 Test Method Viscosity (cPs) Low Fluorescent UV indicator allows for automated inspection Mix Ratio 1:1 (by volume)
Peel Strength (piw) 3 (ppi) Test Method
Flame Resistance Good flame resistance High Temperature Resistance (°C) 200 Low Temperature Resistance (°C) -45, -55 Moisture/Humidity Resistance Moisture/humidity resistance
Dissipation Factor 0.03000, <0.00010 Test Method Dielectric Strength (V/mil) Excellent, 420 Dielectric Constant 2.85, 2.86 Test Method Volume Resistivity (O) 7.1E+13 (ohms/cm)
Durability Tough Shore A Hardness 9500 g Test Method Shore OO Hardness 59 Test Method Flexibility Flexible, Resilient
Light Refractive Index (RI) High Specific Gravity 0.980 Test Method Coefficient of Thermal Expansion (CTE) 325 (Linear (micron/m °C or ppm )) Flash Point (°F) 190.4
Shelf Life Details Shelf life is indicated by the “Use Before” date found on the product label. Refer to the product label for storage temperature requirements. Shelf Life Temperature (°F) 77 Shelf Life (mon) 12
Best Practices for Dow Dowsil 3-4207 Dielectric Tough Gel
Some gels are supplied in bladder packs that avoid direct air contact with the liquid gel components, allowing use of air pressure over the pack in a pressure pot for dispensing. Do not apply air pressure directly to the liquid gel surface (without the bladder pack) as the gel can become supersaturated with air and bubbling can occur when the material is dispensed and cured. Use of bladder packs prevents bubbling, maintains cleanliness and avoids gel contamination. Gels can be dispensed manually or by using one of the available types of meter mix equipment. Typically, the two components are of matched viscosities and are readily mixed with static or dynamic mixers, with automated meter-mix normally used for high volume processes. For low-volume applications, manual weighing and simple hand mixing may be appropriate. Inaccurate proportioning or inadequate mixing may cause localized or widespread problems affecting the gel properties or cure characteristics.
If possible, the potential for entrapment and incorporation of gas (typically air) should be considered during design of the part and selection of a process to mix and dispense the gel. This is especially important with higher-viscosity and faster-curing gels. Degassing at > 28 inches (10–20 mm) Hg vacuum may be necessary to ensure a void-free, protective layer.
Working time (or pot life) is the time required for the initial mixed viscosity to double at room temperature (RT). The cure reaction begins when Parts A and B are mixed. As the cure progresses, viscosity increases until the material becomes a soft gel. Cure is defined as the time required for a specific gel to reach 90% of its final properties. Gels will reach a no-flow state prior to full cure. Additioncure silicone gels may be RT and heat cure or exclusively heat cure. Adding heat accelerates the cure reaction. Additional time should be allowed for heating the part to near oven temperature. Cure schedules should be verified in each new application.
Certain materials, chemicals, curing agents and plasticizers can inhibit the cure of addition cure adhesives. Most notable of these include: organotin and other organometallic compounds, silicone rubber containing organotin catalyst, sulfur, polysulfides, polysulfones or other sulfur containing materials, unsaturated hydrocarbon plasitcizers, and some solder flux residues. If a substrate or material is questionable with respect to potentially causing inhibition of cure, it is recommended that a small scale compatibility test be run to ascertain suitability in a given application. The presence of liquid or uncured product at the interface between the questionable substrate and the cured gel indicates incompatibility and inhibition of cure.
In the manufacture of PCB system assemblies, salvage or rework of damaged or defective units is often required. Removal of DOWSIL™ dielectric gels to allow necessary repairs can be assisted by using DOWSIL™ OS fluids. Additional information regarding these products is available from Dow.
Digestive stripping agents, such as SU100 from Silicones Unlimited, can also be used. In addition, if only one component needs to be replaced, a soldering iron may be applied directly through the gel to remove the component. After work has been completed, the repaired area should be cleaned with forced air or a brush, dried, and patched with additional silicone gel.
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Cure Temperature Test Methods
|Cure Temperature||Cure Time Test Method|
|20 to 25°C Room Temperature|
Cure Time Test Methods
|Cure Time||Test Method|
|10 min||Heat Cure|
|3.00 min||Heat Cure|
Work / Pot Time Test Methods
|Work / Pot Time||Test Method||Temperature|
Set Time Test Methods
|Set Time||Set Temperature|
Peel Strength Test Methods
|Peel Strength||Test Method|
|3 (ppi)||180 Degree Peel Strength, Unprimed Adhesion|
Dielectric Constant Test Methods
|Dielectric Constant||Test Method|
|2.85||Dielectric Constant, 100 Hz|
|2.86||Dielectric Constant, 100 kHz|
Dissipation Factor Test Methods
|Dissipation Factor||Test Method|
|0.03000||Dissipation Factor 100 Hz|
|<0.00010||Dissipation Factor 100 kHz|
Shore A Hardness Test Methods
|Shore A Hardness||Shore Hardness Test Method|
Shore OO Hardness Test Methods
|Shore OO Hardness||Shore Hardness Test Method|
Specific Gravity Test Methods
|Specific Gravity||Test Method|
|0.980||Cured or uncured A & B.|